Four life goals are:

  1. Morality (dharma): To hold together (from dhri), to sustain. To live with our individual nature in accord with the whole flow of things around.
  2. Material Needs (Artha): Providing for the needs like hunger, thirst, safety and others
  3. Desires (Kama): Desire for passion and emotion, fulfillment of desires, and fulfillment of emotional needs. Kama is the enjoyment of appropriate objects by the five senses of hearing, feeling, seeing, tasting and smelling.
  4. Moksa: Experiencing the Absolute Truth or Reality, who we think we are, Self-realization, understanding unknown God
Every religion and culture laid down its concepts and beliefs in different forms ranging from arts, scripture, paintings, to various literatures. Though Brahmacharya or celibacy is mentioned as one of the path, there are many books on sexuality. In Hindu religion, “Kama Deva” and “Rati Devi” are considered as God and Goddess of Sex, respectively. There are also stories related to normal and abnormal sexuality. Some of the literatures like Kamasutra of Vatsayan, Ratishastra, and Kalyanamalla's Ananga Ranga, etc., exclusively focused on sexuality. Ayurveda, Charak Samhita, and Susruta Samhita mentions sexuality and treatment of related health issues. Wall sculptures of Khajuraho, Ajanta, and Sun temple of Konark carries the footprints of eroticism of the ancient era.

காமம் – இது ஒரு சக்தி. வாழ்க்கைச் சக்தி. இயற்கையானது. வாழ்க்கை இருப்பதும் வளர்வதும் காமம் என்ற அடிப்படைச் சக்தியினால்.
காமம் மொழிவது மலரினும் மெல்லிது காமம் சிலரதன்
செவ்வி தலைப் படுவார் (குறள் எண்:1289)
(பொருள்: காமம் மலரைவிட மென்மை உடையதாகும்; அந்த உண்மை அறிந்து அதன் நல்ல பயனைப் பெறக்கூடியவர் சிலரே.)