Shalivahana or Satavahana
He is one of two era founders (Shalivahana and Vikramaditya).
The Shalivahana era, or Saka era, named after Satavahana (Gautamiputra Satakarni) is used with Hindu calendars, the Indian, Balinese, Javanese and Cambodian Buddhist calendar. Shalivahana era begins near the vernal equinox of the year 78, after defeating Scythian king Maues. Shalivahana is the next phase or start of Yuga of Learning. Shalivahana patronised popular dialects in preference to the elites' language Sanskrit.
Shalivahana born to Pallandupuri (river Cauvery) to Brahmin Ramakrishna and Prathishtanapuri ( potter's daughter Satakarni). Brahmin left them after some time. So, he was brought up by a hunter. Shalivahana had an extreme fascination towards pottery and hunting. One day he sat on a large branch of a Shali tree and shouted, "This is my Shali-vahan" and friends began to call him, Shalivahana. As a youth Salivahana broke-up the gangs that robbed traders' caravans. The people of Paithan on the bank of river Godavari made him local chief.
He defeated great emperor Vikramaditya with deception, using clay figures, which look like actual soldiers and army. So, he became a king. Pahlavas, who were under Vikramaditya, started rebelling against him. Pahlava king wanted to marry Amaravathi princess NAkanikai, who is the most intelligent and learned girl that time. Shalivahana take NAkanikai as hostage and challenges Pahlava king to rescue her. Shalivahana, a smart hunter ambushes Pahlava king and married NAkanikai.
He, ruler of the Satavahana Empire, defeated the Yavanas, Sakas, and rulers of Nahapana and Ushavadata (from Nahapana's coins). The Nasik Prasasti describes Gautamiputra as the ruler of the Aparanta, Anupa, Saurashtra, Kukura, Akara, and Avanti. Kanishka of kushan may have been a Shalivahana. He is one of two era founders (Shalivahana and Vikramaditya).
Shalivahana did not have formal education. The king, head of jnana sabha (educational forum of top pandits) will be meeting all learned people in 6 months time. His well learnt wife NAkanikai, is assisted by 2 best teachers of that time, charvavarman and kunAdhyA. kunAdhyA challenges that it will take few years and lot of efforts to make King literate. Charvavarman teaches Shalivahana sanskirit with kaumAram and all basics in 6 months. kaumAram (கா-தந்திரம்) used in kashmiram, Tibet etc..
The king is supposed to give top most degrees to pandits at the annual forum. The King asks only one question, "What is scriptures or living about?". Every one says what they know, and feel king is not competent to test them in different subjects. In the end, King asks learned men, "what do you want from me?". They feel that King is not able to test them and wanted to make fun of illiterate king who does not understand much, and pandits request:
போஜநம்தேஹி ராஜேந்த்ர க்ருதஸூப ஸமந்விதம் |
மாஹிஷம்ச ஸரச்சந்த்ர சந்த்ரிகாத வலம்ததி||
ஹே ராஜா, சாப்பாடு கொடு நெய்யும் பருப்பும் கலந்ததாக
சரத்கால (குளிர்கால) சந்திரனைப் போல வெண்மையான எருமைத் தயிருடன்
போஜனப்ப்ரிய! விஜ்ஞானம் நாமரூபம் சதயதனம்
Loving food only or you are just fit for eating!
Living is about Consciousness - Mind and Matter - Sense Gates
ஸ்பர்சம் வேதனம் திருச்ணம் உபாதனம்
Contact - Feeling - Craving - Clinging
பவம் ஜாதி ஜாராமரணம் நிறுபயம் சக்ரவர்திம்
Becoming - Birth Aging and Dying - Even great king is helpless, have to accept harsh realities
King answers Vedas contain:
மந்திரம் லௌகிகம் | தந்திரம் விஜ்ஞானம் || தர்மம் ப்ரஹ்மஸ்வருபம் | ஸுன்யப் பிரச்னம் போதிஸத்த்வம்
[vedic hymn/rituals (மந்திரம்) are for worldly things; scientific material or techniques (தந்திரம்) in vedas are for understanding universe. Truth/laws (தர்மம்) are the forms or views of ultimate reality. Only by questioning with open or empty mind, one can attain enlighytenment]. Openness or egoless state is the way to the attainment of perfect knowledge or enlightenment
kunAdhyA looses challenge and destroys all his work (ப்ருஹத் கதா, ப்ருஹத் கதா மஞ்சரி) and sets fire to his college.
Note: ஒன்பது இலக்கணங்கள்: ஐந்திரம் or இந்திர வியாகரணம்; சந்திரம்; காஸாக்ருத்ஸ்னம்; கலாபம் or கௌமாரம்; ஸாகடாயனம்; ஸாரஸ்வதம்; ஆபிஸலம்; ஸாகலம்; and பாணினீயம். தொல்காப்பியம் இந்திர வியாகரணத்தை ஒட்டி எழுதப் பட்டது.
This is similar to Muruga story. People read vedas with out knowing meaning of Om, starting point
Every one will say, all are in Vedas, with out knowing anything. They do not know, much of vedas have been lost.