Trinity or Trimurti (Gods)

The trinity represents the Divine in its threefold nature and function. Each aspect of the trinity contains and includes the others. The trinity is Brahma the creator, Vishnu the preserver and Shiva the destroyer of the universe. Ultimately everything is a part of Brahman, which is the supreme being that encompases everything
  1. Brahma, the Creator periodically creates everything in the universe. (as time is cyclical)
  2. Vishnu, the Preserver maintains the order and harmony of the universe and is worshipped in many forms and in several avatars (incarnations). avatar is “descent,” and it’s usually understood to mean divine descent.
  3. Shiva, the Destroyer tasked with destroying the universe in order to prepare for its renewal at the end of each cycle of time.
Each God in the trinity has his consort. To Brahma is Saraswati, the Goddess of knowledge. For Vishnu is Lakshmi, the Goddess of love, beauty and delight. For Shiva is Kali (Parvati) , the Goddess of power, destruction and transformation. Followers of Shakti or Devi, the Great Goddess, are called Shaktas.

Three types of deity

One will have kuladeivam (family deity), local or place deity, and Ishta devada (personal deity).

Three objects of worship

We understand the Supreme Being through Devas (natural forces and objects like mountains and rivers and super beings); Rishis (teachers, heroes, great personalities and prophets); and pithrus (ancestors).

Three paths for knowledge

  1. Brahman: Source
  2. Atman: Self, Consciousness
  3. Jhagat/Sakthi: Matter/Force/Energy


Supreme Reality (Brahman) manifests itself in both male and female form. Every major god has a goddess counterpart (or consort). In the Chinese yin-yang duality, the feminine side is dark and passive, but in Hinduism the feminine is highly active. Goddess is shakti, which also means "power" or "energy." (1) Everything that exists in the Universe is polarized, i.e., formed of yang-solar (+) and yin-lunar (-).
(2) The presence of these complementarily opposed counterparts creates a tension. From this tension, Life is born.
(3) Each polarity contains, in seed, its opposite. Every moment of life includes, somehow, qualities diametrically opposed to those apparently implied. It is well known the truth of the original androgyny (having male and female characteristics in one) of the human being. By virtue of this, the balance between male (+) and female (-) hormones, condition sine-qua-non of life, is possible in all humans irrespective of sex. Man is predominantly Solar; his seed (the semen) is Lunar (-). Woman is predominantly Lunar (-); her seed (the ova) is Solar (+).
Yang is the principle of order, structure, decrease of entropy. Yin is the principle of chaos, lack of structure, increase of entropy.

Other Trinity concepts

Yin, Yang, and Yung are a Triumvirate Braid of Creation. Yin is Emotional, Yang is Physical & Yung is Intellectual

Father, Son, and Holy Spirit, can be compared to God, his Word, and his Wisdom. They are all one, yet different. Alternatively, three can be God, messiah and God's spirit.

Ayyavazhi sect has a concept of a trinity:
* The Soul - The Soul of Ultimate God
* The Spirit - The Spirit (Karana Sarira) of Narayana
* The Body - The Body of Muthukutty (Human Being)