Rashi (Zodiac)

Sun and Moon move along 12 constellations in Zodiac in one year and month respectively. Solar month is based on position of the sun in Zodiac.
360 degree movement is divided in to 12 signs 30 degree each.

Sanskrit NameWestern/Greek NameTattva (Element)QualityRuling PlanetPart of Body
(1)Meṣa (मेष) "ram"Aries ("ram")Tejas (Fire)Cara (Movable)Marshead
(2)Vṛṣabha (वृषभ) "bull"Taurus ("bull")Prithivi (Earth)Sthira (Fixed)Venusmouth
(3)Mithuna (मिथुन) "twins"Gemini ("twins")Vayu (Air)Dvisvabhava (Dual)Mercuryarms
(4)Karkaṭa (कर्कट) "crab"Cancer ("crab")Jala (Water)Cara (Movable)Moontwo sides
(5)Siṃha (सिंह) "lion"Leo ("lion")Tejas (Fire)Sthira (Fixed)Sunheart
(6)Kanyā (कन्या) "girl"Virgo ("virgin")Prithivi (Earth)Dvisvabhava (Dual)Mercurydigestive system
(7)Tulā (तुला) "balance"Libra ("balance")Vayu (Air)Cara (Movable)Venusumbilical area
(8)Vṛścika (वृश्चिक) "scorpion"Scorpio ("scorpion")Jala (Water)Sthira (Fixed)Marsgenerative organs
(9)Dhanus (धनुष) "bow"Sagittarius ("archer")Tejas (Fire)Dvisvabhava (Dual)Jupiterthighs
(10)Makara (मकर) "sea-monster"Capricorn ("goat-horned")Prithivi (Earth)Cara (Movable)Saturnknees
(11)Kumbha (कुम्भ) "pitcher"Aquarius ("water-pourer")Vayu (Air)Sthira (Fixed)SaturnLower part of legs
(12)Mīna (मीन) "fish"Pisces ("fish")Jala (Water)Dvisvabhava (Dual)Jupiterfeet

As per NASA there are 13 constellations in the original zodiac. Babylonians had a 12-month calendar, and to match it they left Ophiuchus out.

  1. Capricorn: January 20 - February 16
  2. Aquarius: February 16 – March 11
  3. Pisces: March 11 – April 18
  4. Aries: April 18 – May 13
  5. Taurus: May 13 – June 21
  6. Gemini: June 21 – July 20
  7. Cancer: July 20 – August 10
  8. Leo: August 10 – September 16
  9. Virgo: September 16 – October 30
  10. Libra: October 30 – November 23
  11. Scorpio: November 23 – November 29
  12. Ophiuchus: November 29 – December 17
  13. Sagittarius: December 17 – January 20

Nakshatra

Nakshatra may mean constellation, galaxies, group of stars and galaxies.
There is 27 or 28 nakshatra system. Currently 27 nakshatra system is popular in India.
360 degree rotation is divided in to 27 nakshatra signs 13 degree and 20 minutes each. Actual location or angle between two nakshatra signs varies (listed in table).

Nakshatra

Tamil nameNakshatraAssociated starsAstronomical Name (No. of stars)Indian zodiacSymbol
AsviniAshviniβ and γ ArietisBeta Arietis (3)0deg - 13deg20' MeshaHorse's head
BaraniBharaniArietis35 Arietis (3)13deg 20' - 26deg40' MeshaYoni
KarthikaiKrittikaPleiadesEta Tauri (6)26deg40' Mesha - 10deg VrishabhaKnife or spear
RohiniRohiniAldebaranAldebaran (5)10deg - 23deg20' VrishabhaCart, temple, banyan tree
MirugasirshamMrigashiaλ, φ OrionisLambda Orionis (3)23deg 20' Vrishabha - 6deg 40' MithunaDeer's head
ThiruvadiraiAridraBetelgeuseAlpha Orionis (1)6deg 40' - 20deg MithunaTeardrop, diamond, a human head
PunarpoosamPunarvasuCastor and PolluxBeta Geminorium (2 to 4)20deg Mithuna - 3deg20' KarkaBow and quiver
PoosamPushyaγ, δ and θ CancriDelta Cancri (3)3deg20' -16deg40' KarkaCow's udder, lotus, arrow and circle
AayilyamAsleshaδ, ε, η, ρ, and σ HydraeAlpha Hydroe (1)16deg40' - 30deg KarkaSerpent
MagamMaghaRegulusRegulus (5)0deg - 13deg20' SimhaRoyal Throne
PooramPurva Phalguniδ and θ LeonisDelta Leonis (2)13deg20' - 26deg40' SimhaFront legs of bed, hammock, fig tree
UttaramUttara PhalguniDenebolaBeta Leonis (2)26deg40' Simha- 10deg KanyaFour legs of bed, hammock
HasthamHastaα, β, γ, δ and ε CorviDelta Corvi (3)10deg - 23deg20' KanyaHand or fist
ChitiraiChitraSpicaSpica Virginis -Vegus (1)23deg20' Kanya - 6deg40' TulaBright jewel or pearl
SwatiSvatiArcturusArcturus (1)6deg40' - 20deg TulaShoot of plant, coral
VisakamVishakhaα, β, γ and ι LibraeAlpha Libroe (2)20deg Tula - 3deg20' VrishchikaTriumphal arch, potter's wheel
AnushamAnuradhaβ, δ and π ScorpionisDelta Scorpio (4)3deg20' - 16deg40' VrishchikaTriumphal archway, lotus
KettaiJyeshthaα, σ, and τ ScorpionisAntares (3)16deg40' - 30deg Vrishchikacircular amulet, umbrella, earring
MoolamMulaε, ζ, η, θ, ι, κ, λ, μ and ν ScorpionisLambda Scorpio (11)0deg - 13deg20' DhanusBunch of roots tied together, elephant goad
PooradamPurva Ashadhaδ and ε SagittariiDelta Sagittari (2)13deg20' - 26deg40' DhanusElephant tusk, fan, winnowing basket
UttaradamUttara Ashadhaζ and σ SagittariiSigma sagittari (3)26deg40' Dhanus - 10deg MakaraElephant tusk, small bed
Abhijitα, ε and ζ Lyrae - Vega
ThiruvonamShravanaα, β and γ AquilaeAlpha Aquiloe (3)10deg - 23deg20' MakaraEar or Three Footprints
AvittamDhanishthaα to δ DelphiniBeta Delphinum (4)23deg20' Makara - 6deg40' KumbhaDrum or flute
SadayamShatabhishaγ AquariiLambda Aquarius (100)6deg40' - 20deg Kumbha ;Empty circle, flowers or stars
PurattadhiPurva Bhadraα and β PegasiAlpha Pegasi (2)20deg Kumbha - 3deg20' Meena ;Swords or two front legs of cot, man with two faces
UttarattadhiUttaea Bhadraγ Pegasi and α AndromedaeGama Pegasi (2)3deg20' - 16deg40' Meena ;Twins, back legs of cot, snake in the water
RevathiRevatiζ PisciumZeta Piscum (32)16deg40' - 30deg MeenaPair of fish, drum

Each nakshatra is associated with deity and characteristics of personality and so on
NakshatraRulerDeityMeaningPurposeAnimalGana
AsviniKetuSaraswathi, Gods physicianswife of the AshvinsDharmaHorse MDeva
BaraniVenusDurgai, god of death or Dharmathe bearerArthaElephant MManushya
KarthikaiSunAgninurses of KārttikeyaKamaGoat FRakshasa
RohiniMoonBrahma or Prajapatithe red one, a name of Aldebaran, brāhmīMokshaSerpent MManushya
MirugasirshamMarsSoma, Chandrathe deer's head, āgrahāyaṇīMokshaSerpent FDeva
ThiruvadiraiRahuShiva or Rudra the storm godthe moist oneKamaDog MManushya
PunarpoosamJupiterAditi, mother of the gods(dual), two restorers of goods, the two chariotsArthaCat FDeva
PoosamSaturnBrihaspatithe nourisher, sidhyaDharmaRam MDeva
AayilyamMercuryAdhisesha or Nagasthe embraceDharmaCat MRakshasa
MagamKetuSukra or Pitrs family ancestorsthe bountifulArtharat MRakshasa
PooramVenusParvathy, god of marital bliss and prosperityfirst reddish oneKamarat FManushya
UttaramSunSurya, god of patronage and favourssecond reddish oneMokshaBull MManushya
HasthamMoonSasthan, Saviti or Suryathe handMokshaBuffalo FDeva
ChitiraiMarsVishvakarman, the celestial architect, Indrathe bright oneKamatiger FRakshasa
SwatiRahuVaayuname of ArcturusArthaBuffalo MDeva
VisakamJupiterKumara, Agni, god of Fireforked, having branches, rādhā the giftDharmatiger MRakshasa
AnushamSaturnLaxmi, Mitrafollowing rādhāDharmaDeer or Hare FDeva
KettaiMercuryIndrathe eldest, most excellentArthaDeer or Hare MRakshasa
MoolamKetuAsurar, Nirrti, goddess of dissolution and destructionthe rootKamaDog FRakshasa
PooradamVenusVaruna, god of Waterthe invincible oneMokshamonkey MManushya
UttaradamSunGanapathi, Visvedevas, universal godssecond of the aṣāḍhāMokshaMongoose MManushya
AbhijitBrahmavictorious
ThiruvonamMoonVishnuShravanaArthaMonkey FDeva
AvittamMarsEight vasus, deities of earthly abundanceShravishthā - most famous, Dhanishta - swiftestDharmalion FRakshasa
SadayamRahuYama, god of cosmic waters, sky and earth,requiring a hundred physiciansDharmaHorse FRakshasa
PurattadhiJupiterKubera, an ancient fire dragonfirst of the blessed feetArthalion MManushya
UttarattadhiSaturnkamadhenu, dragon of the deepsecond of the blessed feetKamacow FManushya
RevathiMercurySani, nourisher, the protective deityprosperousMokshaelephant FDeva

Tips for locating nakshatras and their equivalent in other systems.
Indian listGreekChinese ArabSun sign or alignmentdeg from aswinTheoretical
AshwiniAlpha Aries* Peih Al Fargh al Thani14 Apr 00.00
BharaniDelta Aries Goei Al Batn al Hut28 Apr 1113.33
Krittika*Pleiades Leu Al Sharatain12 May2626.67
RohiniAldebaran Oei Al Butain26 May3840.00
MrigashiraOrionis Mao* Al Thurayya*9 June5153.33
AardhraBetelgeuse Pi Al Dabaran23 June6766.67
PunarvasuCastor and Pollux Tsee Al Hak'ah7 July8480.00
PushyaPraesepe Cancri Shen Al Han'ah21 July9393.33
AashleshaHydrae Tsing Al Dhira4 Aug104106.67
MaghaaRegulus Kwei Al Nathrah18 Aug121120.00
PubbaLeonis Lieu Al Tarf1 Sept137133.33
UttaraDenebola Sing, Al Jabhah14 Sept146146.67
HastaaCorvi Chang Al Zubrah28 Sept159160.00
ChitraSpica Yen Al Sarfah11 Oct172173.33
SwatiArcturus Tchin Al Awwa24 Oct183186.67
VishakaLibrae Kio Al Simak5 Nov193200.00
AnooradhaScorpionis Kang Al Ghafr20 Nov209213.33
JyeshtaAntares Ti Al Jubana4 Dec217226.67
MoolaLamda Scorpionis Fang Iklil al Jabhah17 Dec229240.00
PoorvashadaSigma Sagittarii Sin Al Kalb29 Dec251253.33
UttaraShadaDelta Sagittarii Wei Al Shaulah12 Jan272266.67
AbhijitVega Ki Al Na'am
ShravanaAltair or Aquilae Tow Al Baldah25 Jan294280.00
DhanishtaDelta Delphinis Nieu Al Sa'd al Dhabih7 Febr304293.33
ShatabhishaSigma Aquarii Mo Al Sa'd al Bula20 Febr312306.67
Poorva BhadraAlpha Pegasi Heu Al Sa'd al Su'ud5 Mar329320.00
Uttara BhadraGama Pegasi (Andromedae) Gui Al Sa'd al Ahbiyah18 Mar341.5333.33
RevathiPiscium Shih Al Fargh al Mukdim31 Mar351.5346.67

* represents first nakshatra for the particular system.

Notes on nakshatras

  1. The starting point for the nakshatras is the point on the ecliptic directly opposite to the star Spica called Chitra in Sanskrit. It is called Meshadi by Lagadha.
  2. Ashwini is classified as a Small constellation, precise or delicate nature
  3. Karthika, open star cluster Pleiades
  4. Rohini is a nakshatra in Indian astronomy corresponding to Aldebaran.
  5. MRIGASIRA, head of the Deer is the constellation Orion.
  6. Arudra nakshatra (Betelgeuse) means the goddess of fortune. Symbol a teardrop means wet or surcharged with water
  7. Punarvasu the two brightest stars in the constellation of Gemini
  8. Pushya in the Cancer
  9. Magha in Leo means 'Grand' or 'Noble'.
  10. Purva Phalguni and Uttar Phalguni means reddish, a double star constellation
  11. Hasta belongs to Virgo and its symbol is a hand
  12. Chitra means portrait or picture
  13. Swati or star Arcturus or star which converts dew drops into pearls.
  14. Mula (The Root)
  15. PURVA ASHADHA or eastern Ashadha in Sagittarius.
  16. UTTARA ASHADHA or northern Ashadha