Tamil Unicode Key assignment [You can create Tamil text by clicking buttons below]
Vowels/Grantha
Vowel Signs
Roman eq. a aa/A i ii/I u uu/U e ee/E ai o oo/O au q ja sha sa ha ksha sri
Consonants
Roman eq. ka nga cha nya ta na tha Na pa ma ya ra la va zha La Ra nna
Numbers/symbols
Roman eq. 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 100 1000 day month year debit credit as above Rs number

Tamil Language

Tamil is a Dravidian language of India. It is one of the classical languages of the world, with a rich literature spanning over 2000 years. Tamil is spoken by 62 million in Tamil Nadu state and neighboring states. Also spoken in Bahrain, Fiji, Germany, Malaysia (Peninsular), Mauritius, Netherlands, Qatar, Reunion, Singapore, South Africa, Sri Lanka, Thailand, UAE, United Kingdom. Total number of speakers is estimated to be 74 million including second language users (1999 WA).

Dialects: ADI DRAVIDA, AIYAR, AIYANGAR, ARAVA, BURGANDI, KASUVA, KONGAR, KORAVA, KORCHI, MADRASI, PARIKALA, PATTAPU BHASHA, TAMIL, SRI LANKA TAMIL, MALAYA TAMIL, BURMA TAMIL, SOUTH AFRICA TAMIL, TIGALU, HARIJAN, SANKETI, HEBBAR, MANDYAM BRAHMIN, SECUNDERABAD BRAHMIN.

The oldest documented Dravidian Indian language is Tamil, with a substantial body of literature, particularly the Cankam poetry, going back to the first century A.D. Kannada and Telugu developed extensive bodies of literature after the sixth century, while Malayalam split from Tamil as a literary language by the twelfth century. In spite of the profound influence of the Sanskrit language and Sanskritic culture on the Dravidian languages, a strong consciousness of the distinctness of Dravidian languages from Sanskrit remained. All four major Dravidian languages had consciously differentiated styles varying in the amount of Sanskrit they contained.

Tamil Language Scripts

The Tamil script is sometimes called Vattezhuthu, literally "round writing". This characterstic has partly to do with the fact that in ancient times, the script was carved with a sharp point on palm leaves (olaichuvadi) and it was apparently easier to produce curves than straight lines by this method.

There are some lexical rules for formation of words. Some examples: a word cannot end in a consonant, and cannot begin with the consonant 'r'; there are two consonants for the dental 'n', which one should be used depends on whether the 'n' occurs at the start of the word. The overdot, as in the image, notes that the trailing a is to be combined with the next consonant - that is it is a pure consonant.

This is a syllabic alphabet in which all consonants have an inherent vowel. Diacritics, which can appear above, below, before or after the consonant they belong to, are used to change the inherent vowel .

Tamil alphabet

Tamil alphabet has 12 vowels and 18 consonants. These combine to form 216 compound characters. There is one special character (Aaytha ezutthu), giving a total of 247 characters. These combine to form 216 compound characters. There is one special character (Aaytha ezutthu), giving a total of 247 characters.

There are some lexical rules for formation of words. Some examples: a word cannot end in certain consonants, and cannot begin with some consonants including 'r' 'l' and 'll'; there are two consonants for the dental 'n' - which one should be used depends on whether the 'n' occurs at the start of the word and on the letters around it.

Vowels

Vowels are also called the 'life' or 'soul' letters. Together with the consonants (which are called 'body' letters, they form compond, syllabic (abugida) letters that are called 'living' letters (ie. letters that have both 'body' and 'soul').
Vowel Sound
Short a
Long A
Short i
Long I
Short u
Long U
Short e
Long E
Dipthong AI
Short o
Long O
Dipthong AU

Special letter ஃ (pronounced 'akh') is rarely used by itself - normally serves purely grammatical function as independent vowel form of the dot on consonants that suppresses the inherent 'a' sound in plain consonants.

The long ('nedil') vowels are about twice as long as the short ('kuRil') vowels. The dipthongs are usually pronounced about 1.5 times as long as the short vowels, though some grammatical texts place them with the long ('nedil') vowels.

Consonants are also called the 'body' letters

Consonant Sound Category
ka vallinam
nga mellinam
ca vallinam
nja mellinam
tta vallinam
nna mellinam
tha vallinam
na mellinam
pa vallinam
ma mellinam
ya idaiyinam
ra idaiyinam
la idaiyinam
va idaiyinam
zha idaiyinam
lla idaiyinam
rra vallinam
nnna mellinam

Borrowed consonants

Also called "Grantha" letters, these letters are used almost exclusively for writing words that are borrowed from Sanskrit (or sometimes other languages such as English). Seeing one of these letters in a word is a good indication that the word is probably borrowed from Sanskrit (or Hindi) though of course not all such words include these letters.

Consonant Sound
ja
sha
sa
ha
க்ஷ ksha

தமிழ் எழுத்துக்கள்

ஒள
க் கா கி கீ கு கூ கெ கே கை கொ கோ கௌ
ங் ஙா ஙி ஙீ ஙு ஙூ ஙெ ஙே ஙை ஙொ ஙோ ஙௌ
ச் சா சி சீ சு சூ செ சே சை சொ சோ சௌ
ஞ் ஞா ஞி ஞீ ஞு ஞூ ஞெ ஞே ஞை ஞொ ஞோ ஞௌ
ட் டா டி டீ டு டூ டெ டே டை டொ டோ டௌ
ண் ணா ணி ணீ ணு ணூ ணெ ணே ணை ணொ ணோ ணௌ
த் தா தி தீ து தூ தெ தே தை தொ தோ தௌ
ந் நா நி நீ நு நூ நெ நே நை நொ நோ நை
ப் பா பி பீ பு பூ பெ பே பை பொ போ பௌ
ம் மா மி மீ மு மூ மெ மே மை மொ மோ மௌ
ய் யா யி யீ யு யூ யெ யே யை யொ யோ யௌ
ர் ரா ரி ரீ ரு ரூ ரெ ரே ரை ரொ ரோ ரௌ
ல் லா லி லீ லு லூ லெ லே லை லொ லோ லௌ
வ் வா வி வீ வு வூ வெ வே வை வொ வோ வௌ
ழ் ழா ழி ழீ ழு ழூ ழெ ழே ழை ழொ ழோ ழௌ
ள் ளா ளி ளீ ளு ளூ ளெ ளே ளை ளொ ளோ ளௌ
ற் றா றி றீ று றூ றெ றே றை றொ றோ றௌ
ன் னா னி னீ னு னூ னெ னே னை னொ னோ னௌ

Carnatic Music

Tamil letters are also used to indicate the notes of Carnatic music. The notes are:
Note Sound Full Name Pronounciation Value and Comments
sa ஷட்ஜம் Shadjam First note, only one possible value. Sometimes referred to as the 'mother' note - all Ragas have this note.
ரி ri ரிஷபம் Rishabam Second note, three possible values.
ga காந்தாரம் Gāndhāram Third note, three possible values (one of which coindices with the third ri).
ma மத்யமம் Madhyamam Fourth note, two possible values.
pa பஞ்சபம் Panchamam Fifth note, only one possible value. Sometimes referred to as the 'father', though not all ragas have this note.
dha தைவதம் Dhaivatham Sixth note, three possible values.
நி ni நிஷாதம் Nishādam Seventh note, three possible values (one of which coincides with the third dha).

The 'values' of the note here can be taken to mean semitones. There is some overlap between the possible values - this eventually leads to the octave containing 12 semitones, as in Western music. One can see from the names of the notes that they are borrowed from Sanskrit.

Tamil Unicode Table

DecimalHexName
29460B82Tamil Sign ANUSVARA
29470B83Tamil Sign VISARGA
29490B85Tamil Letter A
29500B86Tamil Letter AA
29510B87Tamil Letter I
29520B88Tamil Letter II
29530B89Tamil Letter U
29540B8ATamil Letter UU
29580B8ETamil Letter E
29590B8FTamil Letter EE
29600B90Tamil Letter AI
29620B92Tamil Letter O
29630B93Tamil Letter OO
29640B94Tamil Letter AU
29650B95Tamil Letter KA
29690B99Tamil Letter NGA
29700B9ATamil Letter CA
29720B9CTamil Letter JA
29740B9ETamil Letter NYA
29750B9FTamil Letter TTA
29790BA3Tamil Letter NNA
29800BA4Tamil Letter TA
29840BA8Tamil Letter NA
29850BA9Tamil Letter NNNA
29860BAATamil Letter PA
29900BAETamil Letter MA
29910BAFTamil Letter YA
29920BB0Tamil Letter RA
29930BB1Tamil Letter RRA
29940BB2Tamil Letter LA
29950BB3Tamil Letter LLA
29960BB4Tamil Letter LLLA
29970BB5Tamil Letter VA
29990BB7Tamil Letter SSA
30000BB8Tamil Letter SA
30010BB9Tamil Letter HA
30060BBETamil Vowel Sign AA
ி30070BBFTamil Vowel Sign I
30080BC0Tamil Vowel Sign II
30090BC1Tamil Vowel Sign U
30100BC2Tamil Vowel Sign UU
30140BC6Tamil Vowel Sign E
30150BC7Tamil Vowel Sign EE
30160BC8Tamil Vowel Sign AI
30180BCATamil Vowel Sign O
30190BCBTamil Vowel Sign OO
30200BCCTamil Vowel Sign AU
30210BCDTamil Sign VIRAMA
30310BD7Tamil AU LENGTH MARK
30470BE7Tamil Digit ONE
30480BE8Tamil Digit TWO
30490BE9Tamil Digit THREE
30500BEATamil Digit FOUR
30510BEBTamil Digit FIVE
30520BECTamil Digit SIX
30530BEDTamil Digit SEVEN
30540BEETamil Digit EIGHT
30550BEFTamil Digit NINE
30560BF0Tamil Number TEN
30570BF1Tamil Number ONE HUNDRED
30580BF2Tamil Number ONE THOUSAND
30590BF3Tamil DAY Sign
30600BF4Tamil MONTH Sign
30610BF5Tamil YEAR Sign
30620BF6Tamil DEBIT Sign
30630BF7Tamil CREDIT Sign
30640BF8Tamil AS ABOVE Sign
30650BF9Tamil Rupee Sign
30660BFATamil Number Sign