hinduhome Non commercial website, for knowledge sharing. Free to copy and use, if you find it useful.


Vararuchi, Bhrartruhari, Vikramaaditya and Bhatti were the priya-putras of Keshava Sharma. Bhrartruhari was made the ruler of Ujjain in the 1st century BC, before renouncing the world and abdicating in the favor of his younger brother Vikramaditya. Vikramaaditya may be the popular Emperor Chandragupta II.
When Bhartrhari was king Ujjain, Bhartrihari became so physically attached to his wife that he spent most of the time with her. One day a monk presented a special fruit (remedy for aging) to Bhartrhari. The king did not eat the fruit himself but gave it to Pinglah Rani or Ananga Sena, because he was madly obsessed with her. Pingala in turn, preferred the intimate company of the chief horse-keeper to whom she gave the fruit. The horse-keeper was in love with a milk seller. So, through few, landed with the lady carrying cattle-dung going through Raaja-viidhi.
Bharturhari got the fruit again back as a gift. He asked Pingala about the fruit, he gave her and found the truth. Queen killed herself. Bharthari made his younger brother Vikramaditya King, and became a religious mendicant. He later became a disciple of 'Pattinathar' (Swetharanyar or pattinathu chettiyar is poorvashram name of this saint from poompuhar,Tamil Nadu)

Bhartrihari: Scholor

Bhartrihari may be considered one of the most original philosophers of language and religion in ancient India. His hedonism and philosophical acumen led him, according to his legend, to produce works of great breadth, depth and beauty. Bhartrihari's works were so widely known that even the Chinese traveler Yijing (I-Tsing) (635-713 CE) mentions the grammarian-philosopher.
Bhartrihari considers Brahman, the basis of reality, to be "without beginning and end" (anâdi nidhânam).
The word principle, shabda Brahman, is not defined in terms of the temporal nature of our cognitive states, because it functions as the inherent, primordial ground of all cognitions. To talk of an absolute beginning of language is untenable. There has been some scholarly debate regarding the meaning of the term "eternal" or “akshara” as Bhartrihari applies it to the word-principle.
While explaining causality, saw that the properties of cause continue in the effects.
The three Shataks compilation of 100 stanzas each are - Niti Shatak, Shringara Shatak and Vairagya Shataka. These are the wise sayings of 100 verses by Bhartruhari.


Vikramaditya was a legendary king who has been featured in hundreds of traditional stories including those in Vetala Panchavimshati and Singhasan Battisi. He is often characterised as the ideal king, known for his generosity, courage, and patronage of scholars. Many describe him as ruler with his capital at Ujjain. The term Vikramaditya is also used as a title by several Hindu monarchs. According to popular tradition, Vikramaditya began the Vikrama Samvat era in 57 BCE after defeating the Shakas.
Chandragupta II, also called Vikramaditya, powerful emperor (reigned c. 380–c. 415 ce) of northern India. He appointed nine jewels or Navratna or luminaries:
Amarasimha - Lexicography, Amarakosha;
Dhanvantari - Medicine, Ayurveda;
Ghatakarapara - Sanskrit poet, Ghaṭakarpara kavya;
Kalidasa- Drama and Poetry like Shakuntala, Meghdoot
Kshapanaka, - Astrology, Jyotishastra;
Shanku - Architecture, Shilpashastra;
Varahamihira - philosopher, astronomer, and mathematician, author of the Pancha-siddhantika (a compendium of Greek, Egyptian, Roman, and Indian astronomy), Brhat-samhita, Brihajjataka;
Varuchi - Astrology, Vyakarna;
Vetala Bhatta - Magic.
"Vikramaditya" was a common title adopted by several Indian kings, and it is possible that the various Vikramaditya legends are included as tales of Vikrama. Vikramaditya translates to "the Sun of Valour" Vetala Panchavimshati legends, about the king tries to capture and hold on to a vetala that tells a puzzling tale and ends it with a question for the king. Vetala-Vikramaditya-Katha name the king as Vikramaditya of Ujjain. There are many books like Vishamashila, Brihatkathamanjari, Rajatarangini etc.. Simhasana contains 32 folk tales about the great qualities of Vikramaditya. In this collection of frame stories, the Paramara king Bhoja discovers the ancient throne of Vikramaditya after several centuries. The throne has 32 statues, who are actually apsaras that had been turned into stone due to a curse. When Bhoja tries to ascend the throne, one apsara comes to life and challenges him to ascend the throne only if he has magnanimity equal to Vikramaditya as revealed by a tale she would narrate. This leads to 32 attempts of Bhoja to ascend the throne (and 32 tales of Vikramaditya's virtue); in each case Bhoja acknowledges his inferiority. Finally, the statues let him ascend the throne when they are pleased with his humility.


Bhoja was an Indian king from the Paramara dynasty. His kingdom was centered around the Malwa region in central India, where his capital Dhara-nagara was located. Bhoja is best known as a patron of arts, literature, and sciences. The establishment of the Bhoj Shala, a centre for Sanskrit studies, is attributed to him. Several books covering a wide range of topics are attributed to him.. He came to be featured in several legends or stories as a righteous scholar-king.
Email Contact... Website maintained by: NARA