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Sanyasa - Detachment

The behavioral state of a person in Sannyasa is described by many texts. Sannyasin does not hate, does not desire, and is liberated from bondage. Other behavioral characteristics, in addition to renunciation, during Sannyasa include: ahimsa (non-violence), akrodha (not become angry even if you are abused by others), disarmament (no weapons), chastity, bachelorhood (no marriage), avyati (non-desirous), amati (poverty), self-restraint, truthfulness, sarvabhutahita (kindness to all creatures), asteya (non-stealing), aparigraha (non-acceptance of gifts, non-possessiveness) and shaucha (purity of body speech and mind).

There are certain basic/minimum needs for the body. It might be different for different individuals. One has to be more discriminating between need and creed. But, the pursuit of desires leading to endless cycles of desires, are caused by ignorance.

Thirumanthiram and Tirukkural on Renunciation

ஆசை அறுமின்கள் ஆசை அறுமின்கள்
ஈசனோடு ஆயினும் ஆசை அறுமின்கள்
ஆசை படப்பட ஆய்வரும் துன்பங்கள்
ஆசை விடவிட ஆனந்தம் ஆமே!
ஆசை அற்றால் அனைத்துத் துன்பங்களும் அழிந்துபோகும். எஞ்சி நிற்பது பேரானந்தமே.
இணைப்பு / ஏங்குதல் / ஆவேசம் / ஆசை துன்பத்தின் அடிப்படை. பற்றின்மை இணைப்பு இல்லாத இரக்கத்தைக் குறிக்கும். எதிர்பார்ப்புகள் இல்லை.
No one has ever benefited from this characteristic of 'wanting'? No to Desires! Thirumoolar in Thirumanthiram advises, to leave desire for GOD also!
GOD is not an object or person to be desired. It is a concept to be understood or experienced.
Attachment/Craving/Obsession/Desire is the basis of suffering. All suffering will be destroyed by these. Happiness will be after Detachment. Detachment will refer to compassion with out attachment. No expectations or strong bondage with anything.

யாதனின் யாதனின் நீங்கியான் நோதல் | அதனின் அதனின் இலன். 341-
Whatever thing, a person has renounced, he/she will be free from suffering due to that thing. This is the basic logic, to remove the cause of pain. So, if one can not renounce everything, even renouncing few things will help that person to be free from problems caused by few.
வேண்டின் உண் டாகத் துறக்க துறந்தபின் | ஈண்டுஇயற் பால பல. 342-
After one has renounced (all things), there will still be many things in this world to enjoy, which are True And endless joys. Free from bondages.
அடல்வேண்டும் ஐந்தன் புலத்தை விடல்வேண்டும் | வேண்டிய வெல்லாம் ஒருங்கு. 343-
An ascetic aims for: Curbing/Controlling the five senses and renouncing the craving desires all at once.

Categories of Sanyasis

1. Some People can get realisation and renunciation with happening of a sudden incident in life. Examples are Bhratuhari, Pattinatthar etc.
2. Some may develop to be recluse/detached over period of time, through life experience, observation, studying, contemplation etc. (Enquiry of real-unreal, permanent-ephemeral).
3. Some will be recluse/detached from wordly things except their narrow field of focus, like scientists, social workers etc, who dedicate their life sacrificing family etc
4. Because of position some are forced to be sanyasi (occupation demands). Most of the religious sanyasis fall in this category. Especially if they became sanyasi at very young age, they may not understand why they bacame sanyasi or what they are trying to do. So, many may be just acting their life, rather than leading a free life. Under this category includes some occupations like intelligence operatives, defence positions prefer/require people with no family ties.
5. Many may follow middle path, some amount of detachment in life. After some age, they may give up excessive attachment to material things, people and so on.

Nothing more than a Loin Cloth

There lived a guru and his disciple who spent all their time in prayer and meditation. Their possessions were very limited. They had only two loin clothes (kaupin) to wear. Every day they would wear one and wash the other. One day the guru decided to go on a long pilgrimage. As he bid farewell to his disciple, the guru asked his disciple lead a simple life.

One day, the disciple saw a rat running off with a piece of his spare loin cloth in its mouth. He quickly checked and sure enough, the spare loin cloth was full of holes!. So when he went begging for alms at the village the next day, he also asked for a loin cloth. But got a big cloth. He made few pieces of loin cloth, towel and so on.

He once again found that his cloth had been torn up by the rats. So, he got a cat to get rid of the rats. He wanted to feed the cat well and he got a cow from the benevolent villagers and took care of her. Now he needs straw to feed my cow. He cultivates the land around.

The land produced a good crop. So now he needed a place to store the grain. He hired laborers to build barns for him. The disciple found that his needs and his possessions kept growing and soon the hermitage where he lived was replaced by a lavish estate. Living a luxurious life, the disciple decided to get married and raise a family.

One day his guru returned from his long pilgrimage. He found the lavish estate. He thought that a rich man must have driven his poor disciple away and built his estate where the hermitage used to be. He asked one of the servants about the ascetic who used to live.
Just then, the disciple heard his gurus voice and rushed out to greet him. My son, what is all this? the guru asked. I left you leading the simple life of an ascetic. I return to find you surrounded by wealth and possessions. How did this happen?

Oh Gurudev, the disciple said remorsefully. It all started with a single loin cloth. To protect the cloth from the rats I needed a cat and then there was no end to my needs. Forgive me, Gurudev. There is no end to our desires. True Sanyasa will have no more than a loin cloth and begging bowl.

Kaupeena Panchakam with meaning

This is a very short poem with five stanzas that glorifies the life of a Sannyasi, similar to above example. A Sadhu renounces everything before entering in to Sannyas, and wears only a kaupina aka kaupeena (nothing more than a loincloth). That too is for the sake of the world, not for himself. Then he can enjoy the philosophical statements in the Vedanta-sutra, not otherwise.
There are renounced persons of wisdom with practically no wants, were teaching and serving every one with moral support. They have no place or community or family to call their own.

வேதாந்தவாக்யேஷு ஸதா ரமந்தோ பிக்ஷாந்நமாத்ரேண ச துஷ்டிமந்த꞉
விஶோகமந்த꞉கரணே சரந்த꞉ கௌபீநவந்த꞉ கலு பாக்யவந்த꞉ 1
वेदान्तवाक्येषु सदा रमन्तो भिक्षान्नमात्रेण च तुष्टिमन्तः ।
विशोकमन्तःकरणे चरन्तः कौपीनवन्तः खलु भाग्यवन्तः ॥
Always thinking about sprituality and peace. Satisfied with simple food obtained by begging. That person with the only loin cloth is indeed the lucky one, without any trace of sorrow, always in state of bliss
மூலம்ʼ தரோ꞉ கேவலமாஶ்ரயந்த꞉ பாணித்வயம்ʼ போக்துமமந்த்ரயந்த꞉ .
கந்தாமிவ ஶ்ரீமபி குத்ஸயந்த꞉ கௌபீநவந்த꞉ கலு பாக்யவந்த꞉ 2
मूलं तरोः केवलमाश्रयन्तः पाणिद्वयं भोक्तुममन्त्रयन्तः ।
कन्थामिव श्रीमपि कुत्सयन्तः कौपीनवन्तः खलु भाग्यवन्तः 2
Always depending on only roots and plants, taking only two hands full of food, thinking of wealth as a torn piece of cloth, The man with the loin cloth is indeed the lucky one.
ஸ்வாநந்தபாவே பரிதுஷ்டிமந்த꞉ ஸுஶாந்தஸர்வேந்த்ரியவ்ருʼத்திமந்த꞉ .
அஹர்நிஶம்ʼ ப்ரஹ்மஸுகே ரமந்த꞉கௌபீநவந்த꞉ கலு பாக்யவந்த꞉ 3
स्वानन्दभावे परितुष्टिमन्तः सुशान्तसर्वेन्द्रियवृत्तिमन्तः ।
अहर्निशं ब्रह्मसुखे रमन्तः कौपीनवन्तः खलु भाग्यवन्तः 3
Always getting elated in his own thoughts, peacefully controlling all his senses, drowned in the pleasure of Brahman, The man with the loin cloth is indeed the lucky one.
தேஹாதிபாவம்ʼ பரிவர்தயந்த꞉ ஸ்வாத்மாநமாத்மந்யவலோகயந்த꞉ .
நாந்தம்ʼ ந மத்யம்ʼ ந பஹி꞉ ஸ்மரந்த꞉ கௌபீநவந்த꞉ கலு பாக்யவந்த꞉ 4
देहादिभावं परिवर्तयन्तः स्वात्मानमात्मन्यवलोकयन्तः ।
नान्तं न मध्यं न बहिः स्मरन्तः कौपीनवन्तः खलु भाग्यवन्तः 4
Always witnessing his own changes of the body, seeing himself as his soul, and never thinks of ends, nor middle, nor outside limits, The man with the loin cloth is indeed the lucky one.
ப்ரஹ்மாக்ஷரம்ʼ பாவநமுச்சரந்தோ ப்ரஹ்மாஹமஸ்மீதி விபாவயந்த꞉ .
பிக்ஷாஶிநோ திக்ஷு பரிப்ரமந்த꞉ கௌபீநவந்த꞉ கலு பாக்யவந்த꞉ 5
ब्रह्माक्षरं पावनमुच्चरन्तो ब्रह्माहमस्मीति विभावयन्तः ।
भिक्षाशिनो दिक्षु परिभ्रमन्तः कौपीनवन्तः खलु भाग्यवन्तः 5
Always reciting the name of Brahman with devotion, realizing that he himself is Brahman, wanders aimlessly just depending on alms donated, The man with the loin cloth is indeed the lucky one.

Sanyasa should not be Artificial poverty

Some monks or Sannyasis, would like to behave (act) like poor people. They are like politicians, they get support from masses, as they see leaders among one of them. "India has to be rich to keep Gandhi poor". Sarojini Naidu, then president of the Indian National Congress, famously remarked about Gandhi that "it costs a lot of money to keep this man in poverty." Current Indian Politicians and community leaders follow Gandhi only in this aspect.

Some Monk's (Sanyasi/religious head) individual life style may be 100 times costlier than any well paid professional. They are community leaders, business men and celebrities. Special uniform or Saffron dress for sanyasi is 10 time the price of pant and shirt. If a monk goes, lot of his servants have to go. He needs special food. Cook/porter/barber and etc have to go. Real cost will be more than 100 times. But he is a poor monk, who has given up everything. Are they in Spriritual Business?

Missionnaries went to under developed regions or countries like Africa. Natives lost their land and wealth, in turn got copies of scriptures for better next or after life. Their Solution to common persons for getting peace of mind, "Money is evil. Please give me all your money and You can have peace".

Tradition of Nude Monks

There are Jain monks, who have renounced everything, some go to the extent of being Nude. These monks used to provide remedial solutions for families, who come to them for their day to day mundane difficulties. Jain Monk Gomateswarar (Nude Statue of Bahubali) in Zaravana Bel Gola in Karnataka, is given a Sacred Bath every 12 year by Jains. Two types of Jain monks: Digambara wearing Cardinal Directions as their Clothe; and SVETAAMBARAM wearing 100% white clothes.

Hindu Nude Monks are known as Avadhoothas like Sadhaa Siva Brahmendraal, Judge Swami of Pudukottai. Traditionally (especially in South India), in the Hindu Cremation ground, after All the Relatives & Friends have Left the Cremation ground—the last one piece of Cloth that covers the body is removed, before it catches Fire.

SOUL is wearing a Cloth,called BODY. Genital organs for Procreation and Breasts for women for feeding the child, are all nothing but transformed Flesh.

Detachment is Compassion towards All

न तु अहं कामये राज्यं न स्वर्गं न अपुनर्भवम्।
कामये दु:खतप्तानां प्राणिनाम् आर्तिनाशनम्॥
ந து அஹம் காமயே ராஜ்யம் ந ஸ்வர்கம் ந அபுநர்பவம்।
காமயே து:கதப்தாநாம் ப்ராணிநாம் ஆர்திநாஷநம்॥
I do not desire kingdom, or heaven or even liberation. I wish that all suffering beings are relieved from their pain.
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