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Knowledge/Wisdom/Literary Works of our ancestors should be made available to every one. Use it if you find them useful. Encouraged to copy and distribute if needed.

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The way a pooja is performed varies depending on ones family, regional and traditional back ground. There is nothing like correct or wrong method. Do a pooja as per ones capability and convenience (Yatha shakti). Doing it with faith is what really matters.


Prayer or Pooja: Clickable List

Songs: Clickable List

  1. Vinayagar Songs
  2. Shiva
  3. Muruga
  4. Devi
  5. Vani
  6. Vishnu
  7. Rama
  8. Krishna
  9. Ayyappa
  10. Saneeswara Bhagawan

Hinduism is not just a religion, but collection of many beliefs, rites, ceremonies, customs, traditions and cultures. Hinduism is an Indian way of life based upon teachings of many sages/wise men.
All sects believe in Universal God or Brahman. Brahman is: formless; infinite; neither male nor female; and eternal. God is beyond space and time, and it is the source of consciousness. The goal of Hinduism is to wake up and realize our connection with the absolute reality Brahman.
Despite having the abstract concept of Brahman, Hindus worship the God in personal forms (deities) every day. Each deity is a manifestation of Brahman and symbolizes one particular aspect of Brahman. Plurality is encouraged.
One can have kuladeivam (family deity), local deity, state deity, and Ishta devada (personal deity).
One understands the Supreme Being through Devas (natural forces and objects like mountains and rivers and super beings); Rishis (teachers, heroes, great personalities and prophets); and pithrus (ancestors).

Tools - Aids:

As practical philosophers, let us not argue about the existence of God and try to prove/disprove related theories. It will lead to nowhere. The concept of Universal law/Creator/Supreme reality are to answer basic questions, why and how we are here. All belief systems started when people started questioning the world and the universe around them.
There is Great Super power with in us. (நம்மையும் மீறிய சக்தி ஒன்று உண்டு. அதுவும் நமக்குள்ளேயே இருக்கின்றது)
Prayer is a way to communicate with Super power or Supreme reality with in us.

Why Prayer

  • Many times Prayer solves one’s problems or shows the way to come out of that problem. It has offered many, the courage to withstand that problem.
  • Prayer is the easiest way to communicate with infinite power or energy source or THE ULTIMATE of everything
  • God knows what, when and how to do.
  • One may not get what asked, but certainly will get what needed.
  • Objective is not to lead a problem free life, but stress free life. Happiness and unhappiness; pleasure and pain; well health and ill health; prosperity and poverty; successes and failures; rising and falling; birth and death; and union and separation are all different shades of our life which every life form should accept.
  • A prayer full of belief is an antidote to a pain full of sorrow.
  • Believe - Trust - Have complete faith in God, then all your wounds will heal and pains shall go. But not in time framed by you but in time decided by GOD!

A ritual is a set of actions, performed as per the traditions of a community. In a ritual or ceremony, many people meet. This interconnectedness encourages us to share the truth of our situation and share that experience with others.

Relationship with God is not a business one: We do something for God, so God can do something for us
External rituals are meant to create the internal visualization like offering a coconut into fire is symbolic of surrendering one's head or ego.
Rituals are not universal, but may be similar. The method of performing the rituals slightly varies from region to region. But the essence of the ritual is the same.

God does not need our prayers or rituals, We need them. These activities will help us to build communities.

Gods/Goddesses represent nature or abstract concepts like learning, wealth and so on.

Effective Pooja for Saraswathi is to educate or provide skills to needy to make a living. To make illiterates literate.
Similarly Lakshmi pooja is to generate wealth for every one, so that poverty can be eradicated.


Prayer is like talking to Super power or god or creator. There may be more than few billion (100s of crores) slokas/poems/prayers as a part of hindu scriptures. Only few are popular. Bulk have been lost. Few types used in this site are:
  1. Mantra is a syllable, word, phonemes, or group of words believed to have powers
  2. Namah or names, ( or attributes of deity) - Ashtottara (108 Names) sahasranama (1008 Names); Namaḥ means 'I salute, adoration, pay respects'
  3. Shloka or sloka, meaning "song", a couplet. of two eight syllables. Stotra or Stotram a hymn addressed to Divinity, a request, a description, or a conversation. They are popular devotional literature and are not bound by the strict rules
  4. There are numerous tamil collections like thevaram and thiruvasagam on ancient saivam, including kaumaram. Saiva hymns - 12 volumes as Tamil Marai (Veda). Pathikam (பதிகம்) are believed to be in sets of ten.
  5. Pasurams(Songs) a devotional or mystic poem, particularly applied to the Vaisnava Divyaprabandham sung by Alvars (between the 7th and 10th centuries CE). Vaishnavities called the Nalayira Divya Prabandham as Dravida Veda.
  6. A Suktam is a part or portion of Vedic verses in praise of a deity or group of deities to please accordingly, and to request benefits.
  7. 40 verse Chalisa (devotional song) for many deities developed during mughal era in Hindustani. For example Ganesha Chalisa adopted from Awadhi language.
Also many types of poems originating in many languages are included.
The way a pooja is performed also varies depending on ones regional and traditional back ground. Various pooja books and websites prescribe long preparations and rituals for poojas. Our scriptures allow one to do a pooja “Yatha shakti” or as per ones capability and convenience. Doing it with faith is what really matters. The minimum is: Take bath, wear clean clothes, light a lamp and an incense stick and offer some prasad – whatever you have. If you prefer, keep an idol, picture or some symbol or a lamp.
Deities are treated like fellow guests with following formalities: (1)Avahana (invoking) (2)Pratishthapan (installing Lord into the statue) (3)Aasan Samarpan (offering seat) – to Lord Ganesha (4)Ardhya Samarpan (offering scented water, sandal paste) (5)Aachaman and Snan (bath) (6)Vastra (clothes) & Yagyopavit (poonal) Samarpan (7)Gandha (8)Akshata (rice for Puja) (9)Pushpa Mala (flowers) (10)Naivedhya Nivedan (offering food) (11)Tambula Arpana (Paan made of betal nut and leaves) (12)Dhoop & Neeranajan (Aarti – (Deepam) lamp or camphor)

Items for puja

  1. Deity (picture/statue) or Rudraksha or Saaligraamam or VishNupaada
  2. Lamps (with wicks, oil/ghee), Matchbox, Agarbatti, Karpoor
  3. Gandha Powder, Kumkum, gopichandan, haldi, kaajal, Akshata (in a container), coconut, Rice
  4. Vessel for Tirtha, Puujaa Conch, Bell
  5. Dry Fruits, bananas, coconut - all for neivedya
  6. Flowers
  7. Optional: Tulasiimaalaa, tulsi leaves, Beetlenuts, Bananas, Banana Leaves, Mango Leaves,
  8. Optional: Panchamrita Abhisheka - Milk, Curd, Honey, Ghee, Sugar , Tender Coconut Water
  9. Optional: Special prasad like pongal, shira, kozhukattai .....

Whom do we pray to or worship or pay respects

CategoryObject of worship or veneration or reverence
Physical Natural forces like Agni (fire); Varuna (water); Indra (rain). Super beings and objects like huge trees, mountains, powerful animals.
Great men, heroes, prophets, ancestors
Mental or abstract We are sure all this exists, but can not be described in terms of physical laws. Life force (prana), consciousness in the individual; Mental states like happiness, anger; Satyam (truth), Laxmi (wealth), Saraswathi (Knowledge), Yama (death)
Unknown or beyond explanation Spirits (ancestors and other natural); soul (atma); creator of the universe (Paramatma); [Prayer: "God if there is one, save my soul if there is any"]

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